60 Series Land Cruiser Specifications

I should begin by saying I have been and always will be a BJ60 owner, even when I don't have one in the driveway I am always looking for another. To me, this vehicle is the ideal off-road play toy. It is not simply because it is a very capable off-road vehicle but because you can easily use it as a daily driver, pick up the kids, go grocery shopping and stop off for some rock crawling on the way home. All done with reliability that is second to none in the diesel.

My BJ60 with a 2.5 inch lift and 31 inch tires

This new Land Cruiser was born in 1976 when Toyota's chief engineer for Land Cruisers, Hiroshi Ohsawa, began planning for the next edition of the 50 series. He saw the need for a larger body, more of an estate car feel including a more luxurious interior design and a more comfortable ride. Initially the problem he came across was with the suspension. Mr. Ohsawa actually considered independent front suspension as early as the mid '70s. It was a good thing they dropped the idea in favour of the solid front axle and leaf springs from the FJ55V in order to maintain the Land Cruiser's off-road capability. The one thing that was sacrificed in this new design was the addition of the significantly increased read cargo space which resulted in the 60 series having a disappointing departure angle when off-roading. This was quickly remedied by aftermarket suspension options that provided a large range of lift heights allowing for much larger than stock tires. With a lift of even just 2.5 inches and 31 or 33 inch tires, the departure angle of the 60 series is significantly improved.

Toyota realized there was another very important upgrade this new wagon needed, to create a design that was less likely to roll over. In the Middle East the Land Cruiser had become quite popular. People there were loading significant weight on their roofs including gas and diesel in large cans, as filling stations were far and few between, and then driving at excessive speeds on desert and dirt roads. This new design featured a wider stance to cope with this extra roof weight. This increased the 60 series cornering ability and allowed the vehicle to actually be closer to the standard global size for station wagons of that type.

Toyota released the new model in 1980 to a worldwide audience. While the body and interior were nothing like its predecessor, everything underneath was pretty well the same. Everything except one thing, the new diesel motor. The Japanese market was looking for a long body diesel powered vehicle that was inexpensive to maintain and the 60 series was perfect. Toyota produced the 2F-type gas engines in the FJ60 and the 3.4 L B-type 4 cylinder diesel and called it the BJ60. Soon after the release of the BJ60 with the 3B engine, Toyota released the HJ60 in 1982. This version had a larger, more refined and quieter running 6 cylinder diesel engine but also came with a higher roof, a 5 speed transmission and a whole host of luxurious options like a moon roof, remote mirrors and a significantly upgraded sound system. The FJ and BJ also evolved to this more luxurious model, gaining the new moniker the FJ/BJ 61 GX to distinguish it from the standard, less fancy model.

While the 60 series started with a more utilitarian design, it quickly evolved into something close to a passenger car. Toyota wanted to compete with other high-roof cars coming from manufacturers like Mitsubishi like the Pajero as well as other vehicles that offered power windows, automatic transmissions and turbo diesel engines for a better highway driving experience. Many of these refinements later in the vehicle's life became the basis for the 80 and 100 series. While these refinements created a more comfortable passenger vehicle, some of the tough truck aspects of the Land Cruiser line were lost in the '90s.

After a number of small changes had been applied to the design of the 60 series in the early '80s, Toyota introduced the 2H engine, a turbo diesel in 1986 and called this model the HJ61. This earlier model still had the round front headlights. In 1988, Toyota went to a square 4 headlight setup which changed the overall look. The 60 series was the major stepping point for the future body and design changes for the Land Cruiser. The boxier angles and square shapes of the earlier models are left behind for the more sleeker, more aerodynamic look that has continued into the designs of the present day. WIth the 1989 debut of the 80 series, the 60 series had unfortunately met its limit, not for it's lack of off-road ability but its luxury refinement, performance and driving comfort limitations. The 55 and 70 series will go down in history as the last of the utility purposed Land Cruisers. The 60 series began the transition from the utility to the luxury sport utility orientation of the brand. Don't get us wrong, the 60 series is still a very well equipped and heavy duty off-road vehicle. The options for modification abound and there are still a large number in use today all over the world, thankfully. This is one vehicle that shoudl never die.

Model FJ60/BJ60/FJ62/HJ62
Years Available 1980-1987
Body Style 4-Door Wagon
Seating Capacity Five to Seven
Drivetrain Front Engine, 4x4
Engines 3.4 L I4 3B diesel
3.4 L I4 13B-T diesel turbo
4.2 L I6 2F petrol
4.0 L I6 3F petrol
4.0 L I6 2H diesel
4.0 L I6 12H-T diesel turbo
Fuel System Carbureted
Horsepower Coming Soon
Torque Coming Soon
Transmissions 4-speed manual H41F or H42F
4-speed automatic A440F
5-speed manual H55F (non-US)
Wheelbase 107.5 in.
Length 184.1 in.
Width 70.9 in.
Height 68.9 in.
Track, F/R 58.5/57.9 in.
Towing Capacity 3500 lbs.
Suspension Semi-Elliptical Leaf Springs
Brakes, F/R Power Ventilated Disc/Drum
Curb Weight 4246 lbs.
Clearance 8.1 in.
Fuel Capacity 90 L